Graphic PIZiadas

Graphic PIZiadas

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Categorías Geometría

Investment: Table mental gymnastics for determination of elements with angular conditions

We have already used one “Table Mental Gymnastics” to study investment: a set of exercises that serve to stimulate thinking, develop and maintain an agile mind, automate processes calculation and analysis etc..

We now propose to raise a similar set of problems but aimed at obtaining solutions to basic problems of geometry. In this case we will raise finding circumferences passing through a given point and angular meet conditions on two circumferences.

Learning Path Metric Geometry

In addressing the study of a science we can follow different paths that lead to learning. Chaining concepts linked to each other allow us to generate a mental representation of abstract patterns, facilitating their assimilation and subsequent application in problem solving.
In these pages two images that summarize a possible strategy or sequence of progressive incorporation of the basics of this branch of science in the education of our students are proposed.

Problem of Apollonius : ccc

Any of the problems of tangents that are included under the name "Apolonio problems" can be reduced to one of the variants studied the most basic of them all: the fundamental problem of tangents (PFT).

In this case we will study what we call "Apolonio Case ccc", namely, If the problem of tangents in which the data are given by conditions tangents three circumferences (ccc).

Geometría proyectiva: Obtaining the conical center

For the conical center will need to have poles and polar respect thereof. In particular constructions are simplified if we know tangents and contact points. We will see that is especially immediately if three tangents and their respective contact points are known, obtained from the definition of the conic by 5 data and application of the techniques disclosed to determine tangents and points of tangency.

Investment: Table mental gymnastics processing elements

What is a table of mental gymnastics? We can say that is a set of exercises that serve to stimulate reasoning, develop and maintain an agile mind, automate processes calculation and analysis etc..
In the subjects of geometry we can propose a problem and make slight variations to any of the data. Variability problem will create families of exercises that emphasize one or more concepts of interest.

Reversing a point. 10 constructions for obtaining [I- Metrics]

One recommendation I always do my students is to try to solve the same problem in different ways, instead of many times the same problems with almost similar statements.

We see a problem with metric or projective approaches in each case.

In one of my last classes we propose are obtaining the inverse of a point, an investment in the center and power is known. The proposed statement was as follows:

Since the square in Figure, in which one vertex is the center of inversion and the opposite vertex is a double point, determining the inverse of the point A (adjacent vertex).

Geometría proyectiva: Obtaining conical shafts from two pairs Diameters Polar Conjugates

A conical axes are those conjugates polar diameters are orthogonal to each.

We recall that two polar conjugate diameters, necessarily pass through the center O of the conical, are the polar two points unfit (located at infinity) that they are conjugated, namely, the polar of each of these points contains the other.

These pairs of elements determine an involution of diameters (polar) Conjugates will be defined when two pairs of beams know and their homologues.

Tetrahedrons in Blender

The solid modeling programs have basic objects called “primitive” from which can be generated by objects more complex geometric transformations, Boolean operations and editing vertices.
Knowledge of the properties of geometric figures allow us to generate other basic bodies that do not have the application, from the elements described above.

Conical defined by the two foci and a point

One of the first problems we can solve based on the definition of conic as “locus of the centers of circumferences passing through a fixed point (focus) which are tangent to a circumference (focal circle centered the other focus)” It is the determination of the tapered from the two foci and a point.

The classic definition will be determined as the vertices A1 and A2 of the conical obtained.

conic metric: Head circumference

Head circumference

We have defined the ellipse as the “locus of centers circumferences, through a focus, They are tangent to the focal circumference of the other focus center”.

This definition allows us to approach the study of the conic by applying the concepts studied to solve the problems of tangents and, en particular, reducing them to the fundamental problem of tangents.

This circumference will link with another whose radius is half the radius of the focal, and its center is the taper. We call this circumference “Head circumference”.